British Border Regiment Silver Sweetheart Broach (lot#2)

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Above are the scans for the second of three British Border Regiment silver sweetheart broach. Complete with a hinged silver cross pin attachment, showing an unreadable hallmark. A nicely emameled miniture insignia with enameled crown and scrolling. We are showing over 30 different British Border Regiment cap, collar, and sweetheart badges we have presently in stock. They run from the 1881 period of army reformation through to post WWII. This silver broach shows Battle Honors with an enameled center in which the enameling is perfect. Not sure of the time period, however.

Guaranteed original.

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Sweetheart badges and pins were often given to a female loved one, by their soldier lover, son (usually), or father. They could have been supplied, for a cost, by the quartermaster or by a private organization, such as Birks. Most were simply converted uniform devises from the regiment, and were available in the tuck shops. Many, if not all of the battalions and regiments had this type of inspirational badge. As the war wore on, many of the givers were lost, and did not return. Consequently, these items became very cherished by their recipients. Therefore they are generally called sweethearts?

They shall grow not old as we that are left grow old.

Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun, and in the morning

We will remember them.

Laurence Bunyon

The regiment was formed on 1 July 1881 as part of the 1881 Reforms. Under these reforms, each infantry regiment of the line was to have its own regimental district, with the two regular battalions sharing a one headquarters. One battalion was to be for foreign service and other was kept back for "home" service. The Border Regiment's district comprised the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, with the depot headquarters at Carlisle Castle. During the Second Anglo-Boer War in 1899, the British Army was quite pressed for men. The 1st Battalion Borders was one of many "home service" units dispatched to fight in the conflict. The Battalion saw action at Colenso and Spion Kop in the campaign for the Seige of Ladysmith. The 2nd Battalion served in Ireland, and the Channel Islands and Malta from 1881 to1890. Then in India and Burma until 1905 and South Africa until 1907. The they returned to England and served in Wales until the start of WWI. A 3rd and 4th Volunteer Battalions were raised in 1900, and were transferred to the Special Reserve in 1908. The volunteer battalions then became units of the new Territorial Force, then renamed the 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) and 5th (Cumberland) Battalions. The Border Regiment was increased in size during the 19141918 war by adding additional battalions, throughy the duplication of the existing territorial units and the raising of new "service" battalions. Five men of the Border Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross, all during the First World War.

In WWII, the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment was part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in Europe from 1939-1940. Originally part of the 4th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, it was later became part of the 125th Infantry Brigade, alongside the 1/5th and 1/6th Lancashire Fusiliers, of the 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division. They wre among those evacuated from Dunkirk. After returning to the United Kingdom, the battalion was trained in mountain the 31st Independent Infantry Brigade. In 1941, this brigade was selected to become glider infantry and became the 1st Glider Brigade, part of the 1st Airborne Division. They took part in the invasion of Sicily in Operation Ladbroke, in which the battalion suffered heavy casualties with some gliders being cast off too early due to inexperienced pilots and, as a result, many men were drowned before they could make landfall. As expected, due to high casualty rates, the brigade did not participate in the invasion of Italy but was returned to the United Kingdom. In September 1944, they participated in Monty's folly; Operation Market Garden. The 1st Airborne Division was all but destroyed. The battalion did not see active service for the rest of the war. The 2nd Battalion was serving in British India on the outbreak of war. In 1942. After being transferred to Ceylon, they later took part in Ordy Wingate's Burma Campaign along with the 20th Indian Infantry Division. In April 1945, the battalion was transferred to the 36th British Infantry Division, which was previously a Indian Army formation, and became a Reconnaissance Regiment for the division. They returned to England in 1945. . .